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仁爱版,七,八,重要知识点,你愿意让我帮助你吗

时间:2020-01-27 20:23来源:互联网 作者:小狐

从今天开始,小简老师将陆续为大家整理下学期的重要知识点,寒假期间,大家除了要玩的开心,也要合理安排好学习时间,好好利用这份资料,做好预习工作,相信开学后你的成绩能更上一层楼~

七年级

重点短语:

1. on foot 步行

go …on foot = walk ( to )

2. at the school gate

在学校大门口

3. on weekdays

在平日 ,在工作日

4. on weekends=on the weekend

在周末

5. after school 放学后

6. after class 下课后

7. after breakfast / lunch / supper

早餐 / 午餐 / 晚餐后

8. in ones free time

在某人空闲时间

9. have a rest 休息一下

10. read books 读书

11. go swimming 去游泳

12. listen to music 听音乐

13. watch TV 看电视

14. do(ones) homework 做作业

15. go to the zoo / park

去动物园 / 公园

16. once a week 一周一次

17. every day 每天

18. have classes 上课

19. for a little while 一会儿

20. go to bed 睡觉

21. come on 快点,加油,来吧

22. get up 起床

23. talk with / to sb.与某人谈话

24. at school 在学校、在上课

25. go to school 去上学

26. and so on …等等

重点句型:

1. --Happy New Year!

--The same to you.

2. --Your new bike looks very nice.

--Thank you.

3. --How do you usually come to school?

--I usually come to school by subway.

4. --How often do you go to the library?

--Once/Twice/Three times a week/Very often/Every day/Sedom

6. The early bird catches the worm.

谚语 笨鸟先飞

7. Work / Study must come first.

工作/ 学习必须放在第一位!

8. Classes begin at eight.

=Class begins at eight.

9. What time does the class begin?

What time do the classes begin?

10. We have no more time.

11. I have four classes in the morning and two in the afternoon.

我早上上四节课,下午上两节。

12. She goes to bed at about a quarter to ten.

她九点四十五分睡觉。

重点短语:

1. make cards 制作卡片

2. on the playground 在操场上

3. in the library 在图书馆

4. in the gym在体育馆

5. on the shelf在书架上(shelves 复数)

6. at the Lost and Found 在失物招领处

7.clean the room打扫房间

8.have a soccer game 举行足球比赛

9. have an English class 上英语课

10. write a letter 写信

11. some of his photos= some photos of his 他的一些照片

12. on time 准时/in time及时

13. do better in sth 在某方面做得较好

14. show sb. around… 带领某人参观…

15. at the moment“此刻,现在”= now.

16. plan v.计划 plan to do sth

17. be kind to sb

=be friendly to sb 对某人很友好

学科名词:

仁爱版,七,八,重要知识点,你愿意让我帮助你吗(图1)

一周名词:

仁爱版,七,八,重要知识点,你愿意让我帮助你吗(图2)

重点短语:

1. --What are you doing?

-- He is cleaning the dormitory.

2.-- Are you doing your homework?

--Yes, I am./No, I am not.

3. --How long can I keep them?

--Two weeks.

4. --Thank you.

--Its a pleasure/A pleasure / My pleasure.

别客气。

5. --Sorry, I dont have any.

--Thank you all the same.

仍然感谢你。

重点短语:

1. outdoor activity 课外活动

2. easy and interesting 容易又有趣

3. difficult and boring 又难又乏味

4. be friendly to sb. =be kind to sb.

对某人友好

5. between…and… 在…之间…

6. learnfrom… 向…学习…/从…中学…

7. learn about the past了解过去

8. learn about了解

9. learn by oneself自学

7. from…to… 从…到…

8. in the morning / afternoon / evening

在早上/ 下午/ 晚上

9. on Monday 在星期一

10. on Monday morning在星期一的早上

11. tell sb. about sth告诉某人关于某事

重点句型:

1. --What day is it today?

--Its Sunday. (在英语国家每周的第一天是星期天而不是星期一)

2. --What class are they having?

--They are having a music class.

3. --What time does the class begin?

--At ten oclock.

4. --What do you think of math? / How do you like math ?

你认为数学怎么样?

--Its difficult and boring.

5. --Why (为什么)do you like English ?

--Because(因为)its easy and interesting.

7. --What subject (学科)do you like best ?

--I like history best.

8. At school, my teachers and classmates are very friendly to me.

9. I study Chinese, English, politics, geography and some other subjects.

other泛指其他的,别的+ 名词复数. another 泛指又一个、再一个、另一个+名词单数 .the other 两者中的另一个

10. English is my favorite subject.

11. I also like P.E and music.

I like P.E and music , too. (也)

12. Can you tell me something about it?

重点词组:

Why not… =Why dont you…

go upstairs上楼

go downstairs下楼

A moment later一会以后

study n.书房 v.学习

in the front of the house

在屋子(里面的)前面

in front of the house

在屋子(外面的)前面

talk about+n/v-ing谈论,议论,讨论某事

talk with sb. 与某人交谈

put them away 把他们收拾好

Look after = take care of照顾

play with sb. “与某人”

in the tree(外物附着)在树上

on the tree 树本身长出来的花,树叶等

on the wall在墙上

in the wall 在墙里

on the river浮在水面上

over the river 在河上(悬空)

tell sb about sth告诉某人关于某事

tell sb to do sth 让某人做某事

tell sb sth告诉某人某事

want to do sth.想要做某事

重点句型:

1. There are two bedrooms and a small study.

有两张床和一个小的书房。

2. There is a lamp, a computer, some books and so on.

有一个台灯,一个电脑,一些书等等。

3.— Is there a computer in your study?

在你的书房有一台电脑吗?

Yes, there is.

是的,有。

4. Dont put them here. Put them away.

不要把他们放这儿,把他们收拾起来

5. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden, but there arent any trees in it.

花园里有许多漂亮的花,但是却没有树。

重点短语:

1. live with sb. 和某人居住在一起

2. in the country 在农村

3. look for 寻找

4. for rent 出租

5.excuse me

打扰了,打扰一下,劳驾,请原谅

6. on the street corner

在街道拐角处

7. train stationn 火车站

8. park cars 停车

9. keep money 存钱

10. right now 立刻,马上

11. from... to... 从…到…

12. take trains 乘火车

13. see a doctor 看医生

14. mail letter 邮寄信

15. at the end of ...在…的尽头

16. on the right 在右边

17. lot of = lots of 许多

18. close to 距离…近,紧挨着的

19. far from距离…远

20. kitchen fan 厨房排气扇

21. get sb. to do sth.派人去做某事

22. a ticket for speeding 超速罚单

23. go across穿过

24. turn left/right向左转/向右转

25. on the corner of 在…转角/拐弯处

26. across from 在…对面

27. between…and 在…之间

28. take the No. 718 bus 乘坐718路公共汽车

重点句型:

1.--Whats your home like?

你的家是什么样的?

--Its an apartment building.

它是一栋公寓楼。

2. They live in a big farmhouse in the country.

他们住在农村的农舍里。

3. Whats the matter?

怎么了?

4. I cant hear you, the line is bad.

我听不清,线路不好。

5. Ill get someone to check it right now.

我马上派人去检查。

6. There is something wrong with my kitchen fan.

我厨房的风扇出了点问题。

7. There are many houses with big yards in the suburbs.

郊区有许多带着大院子的房子。

8. What kind of home do you live in?

你住在什么样的房子里?

9. --I ‘m afraid it’s too loud.

恐怕声音有点大

--I m really sorry about that.

我真的对此很抱歉.

重点短语:

1. change to变成

2. no parking禁止停车

3. get/be hurt

4. obey the traffic rules

遵守交通规则

5. keep on the right of the road

保持在路的右边

6. at the foot of 在…的脚下

7. hold sth in ones hand

抓住某人的手

8. make sb./sth. +v.

使某人或某物做某事

9. ts good to do sth.

做某事是好的

重点句型:

1.问路

①Where is the bookstore?

②Is there a bookstore near here?

③Excuse me, is there a bank near here? 打扰了,请问附近有银行吗?

④Which is the way to the bookstore?

⑤How can I get to the bookstore?

⑥Could you tell me the way to the bookstore?

= Could you tell me how I can get to the bookstore?

= Could you tell me how to get to the bookstore?

= Could you tell me Where the bookstore is?

2.指路:

①Go along/down this road until…

Go up (Go along)this street to the end ,and you will find it on your left.

沿着这条街一直走到尽头,你就会发下银行在你左边。

②Turn left at the first turning

﹦Take the first turning on the left.

③Go straight ahead and you will see…

④Its about 15 kilometres away from here.

3. Thank you all the same .

﹦Thanks anyway.仍然谢谢你。

4. You cant miss it.你不能错过它。

5. You need to take bus No.718…

你需要乘718路公交车。

6. How far is it from here?

距这儿有多远?

7. Everybody must be careful and obey the traffic rules.

每个人一定小心并且遵守交通规则。

8. We must stop and look both ways before we cross the road.

在我们过马路之前,我们必须停下来向路的两边看。

9. Be careful! Dont play on the street.

小心!不要在马路上玩。

10. Wait for your turn when the lights are red.

在红灯亮之前请等待

11. --How far is it from here? (问距离) 离这有多远?

--Its about ten kilometers away from here.

离这有十千米远。

12. How can we make the roads safe?

我们怎样才能使道路安全?.

14. We must never play on the street. 我们绝对不能在街上玩耍。

= We must not play the street.

15. Its good to help children and old people to cross the road.

帮助小孩和老人过马路是一种助人为乐的行为。

重点句型

Were you born inHebei?

Yes, I was./ No, I wasnt.

When was your daughter born?

She was born on October 22nd, 1996.

Whenis your birthday? May 13th

Whatsthe shape of your present?

Its acircle./ rectangle / triangle/square.

What’sit like ? It’s like a star.

Howlong/wide is it?

Whatdo we use it for? We use it to studyEnglish.

重点词组及短语

talk about 谈论

place of birth 出生地

date of birth 出生日期

after class 下课

big fan 狂热粉丝

have a birthdayparty 举行生日聚会

have a look 看

make a cake 做蛋糕

do some cleaning 打扫

cook a big dinner 做一顿丰盛的晚餐

重点讲解

1 英语中日期可以有两种表达法:

2 plan to do sth.计划做某事

3 基数词变序数词的规律:

基变序,有规律;一、二、三,特殊记。

从四起,th; 八去t来九去e; ve要用f替。

整十该y为ie,后面再跟th。

几十几和几百几,只变个位就可以。

4 介词in,on, at 在时间前面的应用

1在上下午、傍晚用in in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

3在具体的某一天及某一天的上下午、晚上用on on Saturday, on Wednesday evening.

4 在中午、夜间、时刻前用at。at night, at noon , atseven oclock, at half past seven

5 表示确切“几百”时,hundred后面不加“s”但表示不确定数目的“数以百计”时,hundred后面应加“s”用“hundreds of”表示。

three hundred students三百名学生 hundreds of students几百名学生

6 英语中表达物体的长、宽、高,先说数字,再说单位,最后加上一个表示长、宽、高的形容词。“.”读做“point”

6.4米长 six point four meters long

7 What do we use it for?我们用它来做什么?

use sth. to do sth.用某物做某事. = use sth. for doing sth.

8 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.买某物给某人

9 whats the shape of your present ?= Whatshape is your present?

10 Whats it like ?=What does it look like?

11 Its like a star.= It looks like a star.

12 I get it. 我明白了。

13 You are right. 你说的对。

重点语法讲解be动词的一般过去时

1. be动词的一般过去时,表示过去存在的状态。

My brother was at school yesterday.

2. be动词的过去式为was/were,其否定式为was not/wasn’t和were not/weren’t.

3. 一般疑问句以及简略回答:

Were you born inJuly,1999?

Yes, I was./No,I wasnt.

重点词组及短语

at Kangkangs birthday party 在康康的生日聚会

dance to disco 跳迪斯科

play the guitar 弹吉他

play the piano 弹钢琴

perform ballet 表演芭蕾

sing Englishsongs 唱英文歌

read English books 读英文书

make model plane 做飞机模型

take photos 照相

draw pictures 画画

so many 如此多

in the past 过去

at the age of 在...岁

with ones help 在...帮助下

not…any more 不再

重点句型

1 I’m sure we’ll have a good time at the party.我确定我们在上玩得高兴。

2 You are so smart! 你真聪明!

3 Id like to take these flowersto the party.我想把这些花带到上。

4 What else can you do ? 你能做别的什么?

5 Happy birthday to you!

6 There was something wrong withher eyes. 他的眼睛有了毛病。

7 Life was hard for her. 生活对他来说很艰难。

重点讲解

1巧辩异同 take与bring take (从说话人处带到别处)带去,带走

bring (由别处带到说话人处)带来

2 一段时间+ago是表示过去的时间状语。

two years ago , three months ago

3 be good at doing sth. = do well in doingsth.擅长做某事,在…方面做得好。

4 with ones help = with the help of… 在…的帮助下

5 It’s time for….到…时间了.相当于It’s time to do sth.

6 both, all 的用法

both两者都,all三者以上都

7 There was something wrong with her eyes. 这个句型主语是something 谓语动词用is/was. 在否定句和疑问句中用anything。eg. Is there anything wrong with the boy ? There wasnt anything wrong with hercomputer.

8 With ones help = with the help of 在…的帮助下

重点语法及选择疑问句

一、情态动词掌握情态动词can/can’t, could/couldn’t的用法

1. I ______ swim at the age often, but now I ____swim very well.

2. ____ you play the guitar ? No, I _______.

3. What else _____ you do ? I_____ also perform ballet.

4. _____ he draw pictures when hewas five years old ? No, he _______.

5. One year ago, he _____ do it atall.

二、选择疑问句

选择疑问句是两个一般疑问句连成的句子,用or连接,相同的部分略

重点句型

Did you sing a song at the party?

Yes, I did/No, I didnt.

I missed the chairand fell down.

How could you lie tome?

Kangkang made asilent wish and them he blew the candles out in one breath.

重点短语

play the piano 弹钢琴

play the guitar 弹吉他

play erhu 拉二胡

peform magictricks 变魔术

enjoy oneself 玩的开心

perform Chinese Kungfu 表演中国功夫

dance to disco 跳迪斯科

play a game 玩游戏

fall down 摔倒

miss the chair 错过椅子

hurt oneself

at once 立刻

last night 昨晚

get home 到家

next time 下次

have a birthday party 举行生日聚会

make a card 制作卡片

by hand 用手

make a wish 许愿

blow out 吹灭

重点讲解

1 Did Kangkang enjoy himself?康康玩得开心吗?

Enjoy是及物动词,后接名词,代词或是动名词,意为“喜爱,欣赏,享受…的乐趣。”

enjoy oneself = have a good/great time玩得愉快 enjoy doning sth. 喜欢做某事

巧辩异同 like, love与enjoy

1like喜欢程度较弱like doing/to do

2love热爱程度较强love doing/to do

3enjoy喜爱,欣赏,享受…的乐趣enjoy doing

2 Its your turn.该你了。

turn 是名词,意思是“轮流”It’s one’s turn to do sth.轮到某人做某事。还可以做连系动词,意为“变成…”后接形容词做表语。

3 反身代词oneself变化如下:

①第一二人称用形容词性物主代词+self(selves)

I→myself you→yourself(yourselves)

②第三人称用人称代词宾格+self(selves)

he→himself they→themselves

4 What happened to Michael at the party?聚会上迈克发生什么事情了?

happen to sb. 某人发生某事,to是介词 happen to do…碰巧干某事,to是不定式符号

5 What’s the matter ? 怎么啦?相当于What’s wrong ?

6 This way, please . 请往这边走。

7 We bought many presents for him.我们给他买了许多礼物。

英语中有部分动词可以做双宾语,当我们把表示人的宾语(间接宾语)放在前,物的宾语(直接宾语)放在后时,不需加介词。如give me some flowers/ get him somepaper/ buy us some food/ pass her a pencil 。如果把表示物的宾语(直接宾语)放在前、人的宾语(间接宾语)宾语放在后时,在人的宾语(间接宾语)前要加一个介词to或for。什么时候加to?什么时候加for? 这一问题一直困扰大家,下面我们通过一个顺口溜来记住。

和for连用的动词有:cook,get/fetch/buy/draw/sing/play/make/do

8 Don’t be so late next time. 下次别到得这么晚。这是祈使否定句,祈使句的否定句在动词原形前加don’t.

Don’t open your books. Please don’t make a noise.

重点语法讲解 一般过去式

一、一般过去式表示:

1过去存在的状态。My father was at work yesterday afternoon.

2过去某个时间发生的动作。I got up at yesterday.

3过去经常或反复发生的动作。

He always went to work by bus lastyear.

常用的时间状语:two days/months/years ago, last year, in those days, just now, in 2002等。

二、动词过去式的构成:

1. 规则动词①在动词后面直接加“ed”play-played ②动词以“e”结尾加“d”move-moved ③动词以辅音字母加y结尾改y为i加ed. study-studied ④动词为重读闭音节,双写词尾的辅音字母加ed. plan-planned stop-stopped

2. 不规则动词 am/is-was are-were do-did (详情见书后不规则动词表)

三、行为动词一般过去时态陈述句变否定句和一般疑问句:

肯定句:I bought some books yesterday. 否定句:I didnt buy any books yesterday.

一般疑问句:Did you buy any books yesterday?

重点句型

What’s the weather like in summer ? It’s hot.

How is the weather today ? Its foggy.

Its a good season for flyingkites.

Its a good time to climb hills.

Which season do you like best,spring, summer, autumn or winter ?

I like … best. Its hard to say.

How are things going ? Things aregoing very well.

What’s the temperature ? It’sBetween -8°C and -2°C .

Youd better know about the weatherin different places in August.

重点词组及短语

go back home 回家

right away 立刻

have a short rest 短暂休息

later on 后来

take a walk 散步

be kind to 对...友好

come back to life 苏醒;恢复健康

get fine 被罚款

nice and bright 阳光明媚

take some pictures 拍照

in most of 大多数

talk about 谈论

be different from 与...不同

summer holiday 暑假

重点讲解

1 Its a good season/ time for doing sth.

=Its a good season/time to do sth. 是做某事的好季节。

2 对because 引导的原因状语提问用 why.

I dont like summer because its very cold. Why dont you like summer ?

3 I like spring best. = My favorite season isspring.

4 Because I learned to swim last year. 因为去年我学会了游泳。

learn to do sth .学习/ 学会做某事。注:study 没有这种用法

5 Remembe to put on your raincoat when you goout. 记住外出时穿上雨衣。

remember to do sth. 记住做某事。记住别做某事remember not to do sth.

6 The lowest temperature is -8°C and the highest temperature is is -2°C.

形容气温高用high, 低用low。

7 Youd better know about the weather indifferent places in August. 你最好了解八月份不同地方的天气。

Youd better = You had better. had better 相当于一个情态动词,后接动词的原形,否定句直接在better后加not.

8 The farmers are busy harvesting. bebusy doing sth. “忙于做某事”相当于be busy with sth.

9 I hope all is well with you. 我希望你一切都顺利。

10 We saw some old people performing Beijing opera. 我们看到一些老人在表演京剧。

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事。这时doing sth. 为宾语补足语。

11 The weather gets warm and the trees turngreen. 天气变长,树木变绿。

天气变化用get, 颜色的变化用turn.

12. Everything comes backto life .作主万物复苏 everything, something, anything语是谓语动词用三单形式

13. Put on 强调穿的动作 wear强调穿的状态

14.修饰雨雪的词汇多用heavily ,修饰风多用strongly 的形式

如:下大雨rain heavily a heavy rain

刮大风blow strongly a strong wind

e.g. It rained heavily last night . 昨晚下了一场大雨

There was a heavyrain last night .

今天阳光明媚

e.g. The sun is shining brightly./It is a sunny day today./ Its nice and bright today.

重点语法

一动词后接不定时做宾语

有部分动词后可以接不等式做它们的宾语,这样的动词我们学过的有

want to do sth. plan to do sth.

wish to do sth. hope to do sth.

learn to do sth. remember to do sth.

need to do sth. would like to do sth.

begin to do sth.

二情态动词should 的用法

had better(最好) , should(应该)用来提建议,后接动词原形,否定句在它们后直接加not, should not 可缩写为shouldnt.

重点词汇词组及短语

travel around 环游旅行

go back to 回到;追溯到

placeof interest 名胜古迹

get together 一起

all the year round 一年到头

prepare for 为...做准备

apair of sunglasses 一副太阳镜

in the sun 在阳光下

take a trip 旅行

take photos of 拍照

be careful 小心

keep away from 远离

be different from 与...不同

重点句型

1. Whats the best time to go there?

I think you can go anytime.

2. Youshould visit Dali and Lijiang. And you shouldnt visit Xishuangbanna.

3. Didyou visit any places of interest? -----and it is very different from ours.

4. Howwas you trip? It was wonderful.

5. Howdid you travel there? By train.

6. Howlong were you there? Only five days.

7. How are you doing ?

8. Please give my love to your parents.

9. Enjoy your holiday trip !

重点讲解

1 Each of you has a good plan for theholidays. Each of …做主语时动词用单数。

eg. Each of us comes from Guizhou. Each of them was at home last Sunday。

2 trip / travel

两者均表示旅游,其主要区别为:

1trip指短距离旅行 如:Theround trip was ten dollars.

2travel指长途旅行,尤其指到国外旅行

3 Whats the best time to go there ? 去那儿的最好时间是什么时候?to go there作定语

Summer is the best time to visit HuangguoshuWaterfall. 夏天是参观黄果树瀑布的最好时间。

4 The weather in Beijingis different from that in Guangzhou.北京的天气和广州的不同。

不同地方的同一事物,单数或不可数名词用that,复数名词用those来代替。

The grapes in Tulufan are nicer than thosein Yunnan .

重点词组

the Spring Festival 春节

perform lion and dragon dances 表演舞龙舞狮

give each other presents 互送礼物

guess riddles on lanterns 猜灯笼上的谜语

the Lantern Festival 元宵节

the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节

decorate Christmas trees 装饰圣诞树

put up 挂起;建造

at the end of 在...末端

give gifts to each other 互送礼物

lucky money 压岁钱

stay up 守夜

at midnight 午夜

play tricks on 捉弄

be full of 充满

give best wishes to … 给...最美好的祝愿

have a get-together 有一个聚会

show ones love 表达...的爱

shout at 对...大喊;责骂

have dragon boat races 赛龙舟

重点句型

1 Please give my best wishes to your parents.请向你的父母致意

2 Merry Christmas ! 圣诞快乐!

3 The same to you. 你也一样。

4 Good luck to you ! 祝您好运!

重点讲解

1 look,see,watch,read的用法之别

look 看(强调的过程,从没有看到看,如接宾语要带介词at)

see 看见(强调结果)

watch观看(节目、比赛、电视等)观察

read 看(书、报、杂志)

2 start doing sth.、startto do sth. 主语是物的时候常用start to do sth.

3 On Mothers Day, people show their love for their mothers by givingpresents.

4 He likes sleeping withthe windows open. 他喜欢开着窗户睡觉。with +N+adj 表示伴随的状态。

5 one of them 他们中的一个 类似的说法one of us, one of the students

6 People enjoy a one-day holiday. 人们享受一次一天的假期。

an 8-day holiday 一次八天的假期 8-day 或eight-day 合成的形容词day不能加s

7 In Beijing,many people go to Tiananmen Square to watch the national flag go up.

watch … do sth. 观看(某人或某物)做某事

He likeswatching people perform magic tricks.

People often watchthe sun go up on Mount Tai.

听力

重点词组

1. invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

2.one of +形容词最高级+ 名词复数

3. say thanks/hello/sorry/good-bye to sb.

向某人致谢/问好/道歉/告别

4. feel/taste/smell/look/sound/seem +adj.

5. seem to do sth.

seem+adj.

it seems that+从句

6. a ticket for/to sth.一张…的票

7. lonely adj.孤独的

alone adj./adv.独自的,一个人的

8. because of+n./pron/v-ing 因为,由于

9. cheer sb. up使某人振作起来

10. care for =take care of = look after照顾

11. come into being 形成,产生

12. be full of = be filled with充满…

13. agree with sb.同意某人

14. make peace with sb.与某人和平相处

15. in the end =at last = finally最后,最终

16. be popular with sb.受某人欢迎

词形变化

1.invite v.邀请

invitation n.邀请

2.disappionted adj.失望的,沮丧的

disappointment n.失望,沮丧

disappoint v.使失望

3.excite v.使激动,使兴奋

excited adj.兴奋的,激动的(修饰人)

exciting adj.令人兴奋的,使人激动的(修饰物)

4.main adj.主要的

mainly adv.主要地

5.face n.脸,面部

facial adj.面部的

6.worry v.担心

worried adj.担心的,担忧的

重点句型

1.--How are you doing?你好吗?

--Very well.非常好。

2.What a pity!多么遗憾呀!

3.—How do the flowers smell?

--They smell nice.

--花闻起来怎么样?

--很好。

4.He seems a little unhappy.

他似乎有点不开心。

5.How did the music sound?

音乐听起来怎么样?

6.Please say thanks to your mom for us.

请代我向你的妈妈致谢。

重点短语

1.do badly in=be bad at在某方面做的差

2.be strict with sb.对某人要求严格

3.have a talk with sb.与某人交谈

4.be worried about=worry about担心…

5.take it easy放松点,别紧张

6.fail the English exam英语考试不及格

7.fail to do sth.失败做某事

8.at ones age 在某人这个年龄时

9.tell jokes 讲笑话

10.sb. find/think it+adj. to do sth.

某人认为/发现做某事是…

11.be kind/friendly to sb.对某人友好

12. wish to do sth./hope to do sth.希望做某事

wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事

sb. wish/hope that...某人希望…

13.whats more 而且

14.that替代前面所提到可数名词单数或不可数名词

those替代前面所提到可数名词的复数

15.be afraid of doing sth.

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事

16.as+adj/adv.(原级)+as 和…一样

not as/so…as (as…as否定形式)

17.make faces 做鬼脸

18.refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

19.deal with

do with 处理,解决

20.go to the movies 去看

21.no longer=not…any longer不再…

22.though/even though

虽然,尽管(不能和but连用,但可与still,yet连用)

23.be/get used to doing sth.习惯于做某事

used to do sth.习惯于做某事

词形变化

1.sad adj. 伤心的,悲伤的

sadly adv。

sadness n

2.almost/nearly adv.几乎,差不多

3. fair adj. 公平的

unfair adj,不公平的

4.use v./n 使用/用途

useful adj. 有用的

useless adj. 无用的

5.usual adj.通常的,平常的

usually adv.通常

6.love v.爱,热爱

lovely adj.可爱的

7.help v.帮助

helpful adj.有用的,有益的

重点句型

1. Im sorry/glad to hear that.

听到这我很难过/高兴。

2. What seems to be the problem?

出了什么问题?

3. Thank you for telling me.

谢谢你告诉我。

4. --How are you feeling today?

你今天感觉怎么样?

5. Im feeling better now.

我现在感觉好多了。

6. Im feeling really sad because I failed the English exam.

我感觉真的很伤心因为我英语考试不及格。

7. Why dont you talk to someone when you feel sad?

当你伤心的时候为什么不和某人交谈下呢?

8. Who do you want to make friends with?

你想和谁交朋友?

9. There, there! It will be OK.

好了,好了!一切都会好起来的。

10. Are you OK today?

你今天好吗?

11. I find it difficult to learn English well.

我发现把英语学好很难。

12. Don’t worry, I’ll help you with it.

别担心,我会帮助你的。

13. Youre so kind to me.

你对我如此好。

14. How time flies!

时光飞逝!

15.I live as happily as before.

我像以前一样幸福的生活。

16.It seemed that the people here were not so/as friendly as before.

似乎这儿的人们没有以前那么友好。

17. I was really upset and lonely.

我今天真的很心烦和孤独。

18. Would you like to become my friend?

你愿意成为我的朋友吗?

19. I think I should have a talk with her.

我认为我应该和她谈谈。

重点短语

1.have a test ,测验

2 .get/be nervous 紧张

3.give a speech 做演讲

4.practice doing sth 练习做某事

5.be sick/ill 生病

6.be confident about 对…自信

7.in a bad/good mood 心情差/好

in good spirits 心情好

8.give sb a surprise

=give a surprise to sb给某人一个惊喜

9.be proud of 为…感到骄傲

10.put on 穿上,上映

11.get /be ready for 为…做准备

12.fill …with…用…把…填满

13.have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth

有困难做某事

14.some day 有一天(将来)

one day 有一天(将来/过去)

15.remember to do sth记得要去做某事

remember doing sth.记得做过某事

16.its+adj. for sb. to do sth

对某人来说做某事是…

17.think over 仔细考虑

18.make an important decision做一个重要的决定

19.a sense of happiness一种幸福感

20.follow ones advice 遵循某人的建议

take ones advice 采纳某人建议

21.take it easy.放松点,别紧张。

22.in public 在公共场合

23.be crowded with被…挤满

25.be with sb.和某人在一起

词形变化

1.relax v.放松

relaxed adj.冷静的,镇定的(修饰人)

relaxing adj.轻松的(修饰物)

2.decide v.决定

decision n.【可数】决定

3.silent adj.不说话的,沉默的

silence n.沉默

4.confident adj.自信的

confidence n.自信

重点句型

1.Is there anything wrong?

有什么问题吗?

2.I get so nervous when I give a speech.

当我演讲的时候我如此的紧张。

3.Lets give Michael a surprise!

让我们给迈克一个惊喜吧。

4.I think the moon can affect my feelings.

我认为月亮可以影响我的心情。

重点词组

1.a seven-day holiday三天的假期

2.go on a visit to sp.去某地参观

3.decide (not) to do sth. 决定(不)做某事

decide on sth.决定某事

make a decision 做一个决定

4.the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

5.over the phone 通过电话

6.book the train tickets预订火车票

7.the hard/soft sleeper 硬/软卧

8.raise money 筹集钱

9.borrow(借入) sth. from sb.从某人那借某物

lend(借出) sth. to sb.=lend sb. sth.把某物借给某人

10.look forward to doing sth.期望做某事

11.hear from sb.

=get a letter from sb

=receive a letter from sb.收到某人的来信

12.on the first day of在…第一天

13.on the top of 在…顶部

14.total cost 总花费

15.spend/pay/take/cost的用法:

①Sb. spend some time/money (in) doing sth./ on sth.

②Sb. pay some money for sth.

③It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.

④Sth. cost sb. some money

16.interesting places= places of interest

名胜古迹

17.set/start out/off 出发

18.be in trouble 有麻烦,处于困境

词形转换

n.安慰舒服

comfortable adj.舒服的,安逸的

2.Canada n.加拿大

Canadian adj.加拿大的,加拿大人的

n.加拿大人

3.proper adj.正确的,恰当的

properly adv.适当地。正确地

4.difficult adj.困难的

difficulty n.【U】困难

n.【C】各种困难

重点句型

1.I have some exciting news to tell you.

我有一些激动人心的要告诉你们。

2.It will take us a few days to get there by bike.

骑自行车去那会花费我们几天时间。

3.I d like to book some tickets to Mount Tai.

我想预定一些四月十三日去泰山的票。

4.Why dont we put on a show to raise money .

我们为什么不能办个展览来筹钱呢?

5.Were going on a three-day visit to Mount Tai.

我们将去泰山游玩三天。

6.How much does a standard room cost?

一间标准间花费多少钱?

7.When are you going to start out?

你什么时候出发?

8.How long does it take to take a train to Mount Tai?

乘火车到泰山花费多长时间?

9.When do you want them?

你们什么时候需要他们?

10.Im looking forward to hearing from you.

我盼望收到你的来信。

11.May I have your name and telephone number, please?

我可以知道你的名字和电话号码吗?

重点短语

1.be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

be busy with sth. 忙于某事

2.on vacation度假

3.work out 算出,制定,完成

4.in the center of 在…中央

5.cant wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事

cant help doing sth 情不自禁做某事

6.one and a half hours

= one hour and a half一个半小时

7.be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇

be surprised to do sth. 惊奇于做某事

8.in all directions四面八方

9.a parking lot 一个停车场

10. push ones way out从人群中挤出来

11.at last =in the end =finally最后,终于

12.be famous for 因为…而著名

be famous as 作为…而著名

13.have fun (in) doing sth. 从做某事中获得乐趣

14.thank goodness 谢天谢地

15.as soon as 一…就…

16.be full of… 满的,充满的

17.make a plan 制定一个计划

18.lie in 位于…内(指某一范围之内)

lie on 与…紧挨着(接壤,不管辖)

lie to 隔…相望(不接壤,不管辖)

19.be/get lost 迷路

20.take out 拿出

21.step on 踩,踏

22.ten meters long/wide/high十米长/宽/高

词形转换

1.north n.北,北方

northern adj.北方的,北部的

2.mean v.意味着

meaning n.意义,含义

meaningful adj.重要的,重大的,意味深长的

3.crowd n.【C】人群

v.拥挤

crowded adj.拥挤的

4.experience v.经历

n.经历【C】经验【U】

experienced adj.有经验的

重点句型

1.Would you like to come to China for your vacation?

你愿意来中国度假吗?

2.I cant wait to see it.

我迫不及待想看它了。

3.--How far is it from here to Tiananmen Square?

--Its about one and a half hours by bike.

--从这儿到广场多远?

--乘自行车大约一个半小时。

4.As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped around happily.

这三个孩子一见面,就开心的跳起来了。

5.That would be very interesting.

那一定很有趣。

重点短语

1.have a traffic accident发生一场交通事故

2.be/get hurt

3.be crazy about 热衷于…

4.obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则

5.break the traffic rules 违反交通规则

6.save energy 节约能源

7.air pollution 空气污染

8.get a fine 得到一个罚单

9.10.be in danger 处于危险之中

11.make a wrong turn 拐错弯

12.on the left-hand side of...在左手边

13.pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事

14.traffic signals 交通信号

15.just for fun 紧紧只为乐趣

16.in case of 如果,假使

17.first aid 急救

18.in a word/in short 简而言之,一句话

19.disagree with sb. 不同意某人

20.look out/be careful 小心,当心

21.empty…into…把…倒入…

22.notice sb. doing sth.注意某人正在做某事

notice sb. do sth.注意某人做过某事/经常做某事

23.slow down 减速

词形变化

1.pollute v.污染

pollution n.污染

2.care v./n.照顾,关心

careful adj.仔细的,小心的

carefully adv.仔细地

careless adj.粗心的

3.safe adj.安全的

n.保险箱

safely adv.安全地

safety n.安全

4.win v.赢得,获胜

winner n.获胜者

5.center n.中心,中央

central adj.中心的,中央的

6.break v.打破,弄坏

broken adj.破损的,伤残的,出了毛病的

7.die v.死亡

dead adj.死亡的

death n.死,死亡

dying adj.垂死的

重点句型

1.If people obey the traffic rules, there will be fewer accidents.

如果人们遵守交通规则,将会有更少的交通事故。

2.Cycling can help us save energy and it doesnt cause air pollution.

骑自行车能帮我们节约能源并且不会导致空气污染。

3.Its easy to park bikes.

停放自行车也是容易的。

4.Bicycles need less space than cars.

自行车比小汽车需要的空间更少。

5.We should wear bicycle helmets when riding.

当骑自行车的时候我们应该戴上自行车头盔。

6.If we break the traffic rules, we may get a fine and even be in danger.

如果我们违反交通规则,我们可能受到处罚甚至处于危险中。

7.If we ride at night, we should have lights on the bicycle or wear light-colored clothes.

如果我们在晚上骑车我们应该有灯在自行车上或者穿浅色的衣服。

8.In a word, the best way to be safe is to be careful.

总之,安全最好的方式是要小心。

短语归纳

1.start/begin to do sth. 开始做某事

start/begin doing sth.

2. raise money 筹集钱

3. try/do ones best to do sth.

尽某人最大努力做某事

4. turn to sb./ask sb. for help向某人求助

6. on the Internet在网上

7. have/hold a food festival举办一次食物节

8. have a sweet tooth 爱吃甜食

9. good enough

考点:adj./adv.+enough

9. later on 再过些时候,后来

10. sb. regret that +从句某人遗憾的是

11. make a change 做出改变

12. fight against 为反对…而斗争

13. as a result 结果

14. child workers 童工

15. thank you for doing sth.

因为做某事而感谢某人

16. make ones dream come true

realize / achieve ones dream

使某人的梦想实现

词性转换

1. success n.成功, 胜利

succeed v.

successful adj.

2. west n.西方,西部

western adj.西方的,西部的

3. Greece n.希腊

Greek adj.希腊的 n.希腊人

4. India n.印度

Indian adj.印度的,印第安人的

n.印度人,印第安人

5. fry v.油炸,油煎

fried adj. 油炸的

6. Italy n.意大利

Italian adj.意大利(人)的,意大利语的

n.意大利人,意大利语

7. Africa n.

African adj.的,人的

n.人

8. Russia n.俄国

Russian adj.俄国(人)的,俄语的

n.俄国人,俄语

重点句型

1. When and where shall we have the food festival?

我们什么时候在哪儿举办食物节?

2. Lets try our best to make it a success.

让我们尽我们做大的努力使它成为一件成功的事情。

3. Its a great pity.

很遗憾。

4. I believe one person can make a change.

我相信一个人可以做出改变的。

5. --May I invite you to our food festival?

--I“d love to.But I”m sorry I can“t, because I”m busy these days.

--我可以邀请你来我们的食物节吗?

--我很愿意,但很抱歉我不能去。因为这些天我很忙。

6. Ill send you an on, OK?

短语归纳

1.make fried rice做炒米

2.be proud of

take pride in 为…感到骄傲

3.well done 做得好

4.add…to… 把…加到…

5.cut up 切碎

cut…into… 把…切成…

cut down 砍伐,降低,减少

6.help oneself to sth. 请自便

7.for the first time 第一次

8.table manners 餐桌礼仪

9.sit down at the table坐在桌子旁

10.eat up 吃光

use up 用光

11.drink to sb./sth.

为某人/某事干杯

12.junk food 垃圾食品

13.pick up 捡起,拾起;搭乘

14.set the table 摆放餐具

15.remember to do sth.记得要去做某事

remember doing sth.记得做过某事

16.point at/to 指向…

词性转换

1.cook v.烹饪,做饭

n.[C]厨师

cooker n.炊具

2.health n.健康

healthy adj.

healthily adv.

3.polite adj.礼貌的

impolite adj.不礼貌的

4.noise n.噪音,吵闹声

noisy adj.吵闹的,聒噪的

noisily adv.

5.quiet adj.安静的,寂静的

quietly adv.

6.eating habits 饮食习惯

重点句型

1.Its very kindof you.

你真是太善良了

Its +adj.+of sb. to do sth.

2.What do I need to do after that?

接下来我需要做什么?

3.Im not sure whether I can cook it well.

我不确定我是否能把它做好。

4.Would you like me to help you?

你愿意让我帮助你吗?

5.Practice makes perfect.

熟能生巧。

6.If you cant remember these rules, just do as other people do.

如果你不能记住这些规则,就像其他人那样做。

7.People around the world have different eating habits.

全世界的人们有着不同的饮食习惯。

8.Would you mind if we learn to make it from you?

你是否介意我们向你学习制作它?

9.Do you know whether or not its impolite to smoke during a meal in France.

你知道在吃饭期间抽烟是否是不礼貌的?

短语归纳

1. in thirty minutes 三十分钟后

考点:in+时间段表示一段时间之后。

和一般将来时连用。

用How soon或When提问

2. have/take a seat请坐

3. go well 进展顺利

4. be worth(doing)sth.值得(做)某事

be well worth doing sth.很值得做某事

5. in the end 在最后

6. have a lot to do with…和…非常有关系

have something/nothing to do with和…有/没有关系

7. healthy eating 健康饮食

8. in a right way 以一种正确的方式

9. Its said that据说

10. in fact事实上

11. in short 简而言之,一句话

12. not only…but also…不但…而且…

13. for sale 供出售,待售

on sale 减价,甩卖

14. main course 主菜

15. pay / have / get the bill 付账

词性转换

1. gentleman【复数】 gentlemen

2. work v.工作

n. 【U】工作

n. 【C】著作,作品

job n. 【C】工作

3. worth adj.值得…的;有…价值

n.价值,财产

4. neat adj.整洁的,整齐的

neatly adv.

5. regular adj.有规律的,定期的

regularly adv.

重点句型

1. Lets wish them success!

让我们祝愿他们成功!

2. Thank you for coming!

谢谢光临!

3. I hope everyone has a wonderful time!

我希望每个人玩的开心!

4. May I take your order?

我可以为你点菜了吗?

5. Which kind of drink would you like, beer or soft drink?

你想要哪种饮料,啤酒还是软饮料?

6. --Anything else?

--No, thats all.

--还有别的吗?

--不,就这些。

7. Thanks for your order.

谢谢你的点餐。

8. May I have the bill, please?

我可以付账了吗?

9. Heres your change.

给你零钱。

10. Could I order a meal by phone?

我可以通过电话订餐吗?

11. We will send the food to you in thirty minutes.

我会在二十分钟后把食物送给你。

12. --Where shall I send the food?

--My address is …

--我把食物送到哪儿呢?

13.May I have the menu, please?

我可以看看菜单吗?

14. How are you these days?

这些天你好吗?

15. The results were worth the effort.

付出就有回报。

短语归纳

1. Chinese Tang costume 中国唐装

2. so/such…that…如此…以至于…

so that+从句 以便于,为了

3. so+adj./adv.

such+n.

注意:若名词前有many/much/little/few等词修饰,仍然用so.

4. have a class fashion show

举行一次班级时装秀

5. Mens Wear Section男装区

6. Womens Wear Section女装区

7. Sports wear Section运动区

8. Shoes and Hats Section鞋帽区

9. on the third floor 在三楼

10. prepare for…为…做准备

11. suggest doing sth.建议做某事

12. clothing store 服装店

13. look good on sb.

穿在某人身上很漂亮

14.broad waists 宽阔的腰部

15. do/go well 进展顺利

16. on business 出差

17. be made of…由…制成(能看出原材料)

be made from…由…制成(不能看出原材料)

18. protect…from…保护…免受…

19. more than 超过,多于

20. keep sb./sth. +adj.保持某人/某物…

21. as the saying goes常言道,俗话说

22. afford to do sth.担负得起做某事

词性转换

1. fashion n.时装,时尚

fashionable adj.流行的,时髦的

2. congratulate v.祝贺

congratulation n.祝贺

3. own adj.自己的,本人的

v.有,拥有

owner n.主人

4. suit v.适合

suitable adj.合适的,适宜的

5. busy adj.繁忙的,忙碌的

business n.生意,公事,职责

6. discuss v.讨论

discussion n.讨论

7. say v.讲,说明

saying n.【C】俗话,谚语

8.suggest v.建议

suggestion nC]建议

重点句型

1. –Shall we meet at the school gate at ?

--All right.

--我们在校门口八点见面怎么样?

--好的。

2. Do you have time tomorrow?

你明天有空吗?

3. My old coats are so short that I want to buy some new ones.

我的旧外套是如此的短以至于我想买一些新的。

4. --What size do you take/need/want?

--Size M

--你想要什么尺寸?

--M号

5. Its such a cool windbreaker that you should buy it at once.

这是如此酷的一件风衣以至于你应该立刻买它。

6. Could you tell me where to buy a scarf?

你能告诉我在哪儿买一条围巾?

7. As the saying goes, “You are what you wear”

常言道:“衣如其人”

短语归纳

1. look ugly on sb. 穿在某人身上很丑

2. not really 不完全是

3. depend on 依靠,取决于

4. Its true that… 事实是…

5. show good discipline 展示好的纪律

6. plain clothes 便衣,便服

7. carry out 执行,实施

8. stop/keep/pr sb,/sth. from doing sth.

阻止某人或某物做某事

9. take off 脱下;起飞

10. on every occasion 在每个场合

11. dress sb. 给某人穿衣服

dress oneself 给自己穿衣服

dress in+颜色/衣服

12. for different reasons因为不同的原因

13. have a car accident 发生车祸

14. get help from sb. 从某人获得帮助

15. in ones daily/everyday life

在某人日常生活中

16. in ones opinion/idea/view

以某人观点.

17. casual clothes 休闲服,非正式衣服

18. the same as 和…一样

be similar to… 与…相似

19. as well as

和…一样好;除…之外;也;还

20. be suitable/fit for 适合…

词性转换

1. correct adj.正确的

correctly adv.

2. office n.办公室

officer n.警官,军官

official n.官员,高级职员

adj.的,正式的

3. daily adj. 日常的

adv.日常地

n.日报

4. great adj.伟大的,极好的

greatly adv.非常,很,大大的

5. beauty n.美丽,美人,美好的东西

beautiful adj.美丽的,漂亮的

beautifully adv.漂亮地,美好地

6. dress v.穿衣

n.连衣裙,女装

dressing n.穿戴,穿衣

重点句型

1. It depends on who will design our clothes.

这取决于谁设计我们的衣服。

2. Its true that suitable uniforms can show good discipline.

事实是合适的衣服可以展示好的纪律。

3. Its important to wear suitable clothes on every occasion.

在每个场合穿合适的衣服是很重要的。

4. People wear uniforms for different reasons.

人们穿制服因为不同的原因。

5. What people wear depends on their likes and dislikes.

人们穿什么取决于他们的喜好。

6. People in cities around the world wear quite similar clothes.

全世界城市的人们穿着非常相似。

短语归纳

1.There be 句型一般将来时结构:

There will be.../There is going to be...

2.in the center of... 在…中央

3.a traditional dress 传统服装

4.in the world of... 在…领域

5.high fashion 高级时装

6.another+名词单数=one more +名词单数

e.g.another apple= one more apple

7.another+数词+名词复数=数词+more+名词复数

e.g.another two years=two more years

8.minority costume 少数民族服装

9.be(not) sure of/about... 对…(没)有把握

be sure to do sth. 一定做某事

be sure that+从句 一定…

make sure 弄清楚,确信

10.be full of... 充满…

11.stand for 代表,象征

be the/a symbol of... 是…的象征

12.become/be known to... 为…所熟知

13.from then on 从那时起

14.either...or... 要么…要么…,或者…或者(谓语动词就近原则)

15.not only...but (also)... 不但…而且…(谓语动词就近原则)

16.both...and...两者都…(谓语动词复数)

17.design...as... 把…设计成…

18.at one time=once 曾经,一度

19.as a result 结果

词性转换

1.model n.模特,模型,模范;v.当模特,模拟,塑造

2.tradition n.传统

traditional adj.传统的,惯例的

3.attract v.吸引

attractive adj.吸引人的,迷人的

attraction n.吸引,吸引力,吸引人的事物

4.choose v.选择

choice n.【C】选择

5.celebrate v.庆祝

celebration n.【可数】庆祝,庆祝会

6.decorate v.装饰

decoration n.【可数】装饰,装修

7.person n.人,身体,容貌

personal adj.个人的,私人的

8.express v.表达,表示,表露

expression n.【可数】表达,表示,表现

9.marry v.结婚

married adj.已婚的,婚姻的

marriage n.【可数】结婚,婚姻

重点句型

1.Here come another three models.

有来了三个模特。

2.Today people can design the Tang costume as either formal or casual clothes.

现在人们既可以把唐装设计成正装,也可以设计成休闲装。

3.Many famous models will be there to model clothes.

许多著名的模特将去那里展示时装。

4.It’s a traditional dress for Chinese women,and it’s becoming popular in the world of high fashion.

它是一种中国妇女穿的传统服装,而且它在高级时装领域越来越流行。

5.It shows both the personal style and Chinas traditional culture.

它既体现了个人风格,又体现了中国的传统文化。

九年级

一、 重点词汇

一 词形转换

1. attract (v.) 吸引---attraction (名词)-- attractive (adj.) 吸引人的 2. tour ---tourist (名词) 游客

3. introduce (动词)--introduction(名词)

4.long ( adj. )--- length ( n. )

5. high( adj.) – height ( n.)

6. wear ---- wore ---- worn

7 enemy -- enemies

8. responsible ---- responsibility

( 二.)重点短语

1. know little about 对…几乎不了解

Know more / a little / nothing about…

2. place(s) of interest 名胜古迹

3. the birthplace of Chinese culture 中华文化的发源地

4. attract millions of tourists 吸引了成百万的游客

5. a great number of 许多

the number of …的数目

6. the second longest river 第二长河

7. fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人取某物

8. introduce …in detail 详细地介绍…

introduce A to B 把A 介绍给B

introduce oneself 自我介绍

9. lie in 位于…内

10. run / go through… 流经 / 途经…

11. be well worth doing sth. 很值得做某事

12. regard…as…把…看成…..

be regarded as …被当作…

13. a symbol of imperial power 帝王权利的象征

14.carve sth. on the stone 把…刻在石头上

15.guard the whole nation 守卫整个民族

16.play an important part / role in 在…发挥重要作用

17.be made of white marble 由白色的大理石制成

18.stretch from …..to…从…. 延伸到….

19.be made of packed earth and wood 由成袋的泥土和木头制成

be made of stone and brick 由石头和砖块制成

20.bring tourists into China 把游客带入中国

21.a treasure of Chinese civilization 中华民族的瑰宝

22.join…together …. 把…连接在一起

23.wear away (wore away, have / has worn away ) 磨损

24.separate …. from …把…从…分开

25. be famous for 因…而著名

be famous as …

be known as …. 作为….而出名

26.an important Chinese export 一项很重要的中国出口产品

27.sound similar to 听起来和…很相像

28.the mild climate 温和的气候

29. rich soil 肥沃的土地

30.develop unique tea culture 发展独一无二的茶文化

二.重点句型

1. It is / has been … since ….. 自从…以来已经多久了

2. And many of them are famous, such as Mount Song, Mount Huang and Mount Emei.

它们当中许多很有名,比如嵩山、恒山和峨眉山。

3. Among them, the Changjiang River is the longest one and the second longest one is the Yellow River.

它们当中长江是最长的一条,第二长的是黄河。

4. What grand buildings!多么壮丽的建筑物啊!

5. Its said that ….. 据说…

6. Its a mountain with lots of strange pine trees. 它是一座长着很多奇松的山

7.It stretches from Shanghaiguan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west .

它从东部山海关一直延伸到西部嘉峪关

8.The first emperor ,QinShihuang, joined all these smaller walls together to make the Great Wall.

第一个皇帝秦始皇将所有小城墙连接起来成了长城。

9. These early walls that were made of packed earth and wood wore away in the rain and wind.

由成袋的泥土和木头制成的早期城墙在风雨中磨损了。

10.The Great Wall was first built by ancient people to separate them from their enemies.

起初建筑长城是为了将人们和敌人分离开。

11. The Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization and it is regarded as a symbol of the Chinese nation.

长城是中华文明的瑰宝和中华民族的象征。

三、重要知识点

1. If you want to learn more, I can fetch you Guide to China.

fetch = go somewhere and bring sth./ sb. back 到别处去取回或把人请来

fetch sb. sth.= fetch sth. for sb. 为某人取某物

eg. Could you fetch me some chalk? = Could you fetch some chalk for me?

Have you fetched the doctor?

*bring 指从别处把某人(物)带来(拿来)

take 指拿去;带去与bring相反。

fetch 指到别处去取回或把人请来

carry 指搬动较重的物体,无方向性。

eg. Bring me todays newspaper, please. 请帮我把今天的报纸拿来。

Take this book to my office. 把这本书拿到我的办公室去。

Please fetch a doctor for Lao Li. 请为老李请一位医生来。

Students often help the old man carry water. 学生们经常帮那位老人提水。

2. It (The Yellow River) is the second longest river in China. 它(黄河)是中国的第二长河。

“ the +序数词+形容词最高级+可数名词单数” 表示“第几…的”如:

I think computer is the first most useful tool of all. 我想电脑是所有工具中最有用的。

The second most important thing is to come here by yourself. 第二重要的事是你自己来到这儿。

3. It goes through nine provinces and finally joins the Bohai Sea. 它流经九个省份,最终汇入渤海湾。

go through “穿过;通过”指通过两边,相当于一条直线

go across “穿过;横穿”指从这边到那边,相当于一条线段

eg. go through the street (竖)穿过街道

go across the street = cross the street (横)过马路

4. be known/famous as… “作为…而出名”

be known/famous for… “因…而出名”

be known to… “为…所熟知”

eg. Yao Ming is known/famous as a basketball player. 姚明作为一名蓝球运动员而出名.

West Lake is known/famous for its beautiful scenery. 西湖因秀丽的景色而出名.

Beijing is known to all the people in the world because of the 2008 Olympic Games.

北京因为2008年奥运会而为全世界人民所熟知.

四.重点语法

定语从句: 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句。而被修饰的名词或代词被称为先行词。

定语从句放在先行词的后面,由关系代词或关系副词引导。

常见的关系代词有:

that 指代“人或物”

which 指代“物”

who/ whom 指代“人”

whose 指代“某人的”

l 关系代词在从句作主语或宾语; whose作定语。作宾语时关系代词可省略。

本话题中出现以下定语从句:

China is a big country that has about 5,000 years of history.

中国是一个拥有约五千年历史的大国。

Thats all (that) I know. 那是我所知道的全部。

Its a book which introduces China in detail. 它是一本详细介绍中国的书。

Its Mount Tai that/ which lies in Shandong Province.

它是位于山东省境内的泰山。

Thats the most fantastic place (that) I have ever heard of.

那是我曾听说过的最神奇的地方。

West Lake which lies in Hangzhou is one of the most famous lakes in China.

位于杭州市的西湖是中国最著名的湖泊之一。

There are three beautiful places which shouldnt be missed by visitors to China.

有三个不容被来到中国的游客所错过的美丽地方。

一、词形转换

1. think (v.) --- thinker (n.)

2. lead (v.) ---leader (n.)

3. sail (v.) --- sailing (n.) --- sailor (n.)

4. graduate (v.) --- graduation (n.)

5. research (v.) --- researcher (n.)

6. discover (v.) --- discovery (n.)

7. express (v.) --- expression (n.)

8. kindness (n.)---kind (adj.)

9. east (n.) --- eastern (adj.)

二、重点词组:

1. in the field of education 在教育领域

2. in the year 551 B.C. 在公元前551年

3. a great thinker 一名伟大的思想家

4. in ones twenties / thirties 在某人20几、30几岁

5. pass away 去世

6. be proud of 为...感到自豪

7. be the pride of 是...的骄傲

8. play an important role / part in 在...起重要作用

9. succeed in doing sth 成功地做...

10. die of / from illness 死于疾病

11. graduate from... 毕业于...

12. make a contribution(s) to sth 为...做贡献

13. return to 返回...

14. set up 建立

15. in charge of 掌管/负责...

16. at the age of 在...岁时

17. travel across the Pacific Ocean to the United States for further study 飘洋过海到美国深造

18. at first 起初

19. at the end of 在...末(结尾)

20. make fireworks 制作烟花

三、重点句型:

1. He was a great thinker who had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior.

他是一名对人类本性与行为有着真知灼见的伟大思想家。

2. He was also a famous philosopher whose wise saying have influenced many people in different countries.他也是一名著名的哲学家,他的至理名言影响了不同国家的许多人。

3. He was really a great man from whom I can learn a lot.

他的确是一个我们能从他身上学到很多东西的了不起的人。

4. At that time, the compass played an important role in his sailing.

那时,指南针在航海中起到重要的作用。

5. He even succeeded in sailing to the east coast of Africa.

他甚至成功的航行到东海岸。

6. Its hard to believe. 难以置信。

7. Unfortunately, he died of illness on his way home from Africa in 1433.

不幸的是,他在1433年从回家途中病故。

8. What a shame! 真可惜

9. Qian Xuesen graduated from Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

钱学森毕业于上海交通大学。

10. He became a teacher as well as a researcher who studied rockets and missile theories.

毕业后,他成为一名老师同时也是研究火箭和理论的研究员。

11. He was in charge of developing Chinas missiles, rocket and spacecraft research programs. 他主管中国的,火箭和宇宙飞船的研究项目。

12. He was honored as “The Father of Chinas Missiles”. 他被誉为中国之父。

13. He is really the pride of China. 他的确是中国人的骄傲。

一.主要短语

1. see…doing 看见…正在做某事

2. long ago 很久以前

3. either…or… 要么/或者…要么/或者

4. have sth. done 让某事被做

5. a symbol of …的象征

6. look like 看起来像

7. some/one day 某一天

8. ring out 发出清脆的叫声

9. make a report about 做有关…的报告

10. in class 课堂上

11. give up doing 放弃做某事

give…up 放弃

12. not only…but also…不仅…而且

13. in/during ones lifetime在某人的一生中

14. admire sb. for sth. 因某事钦佩某人

15. exploring spirit 探索精神

16. be born 出生

17. neither…nor 既不…也不

18. encourage sb. to do 鼓励某人做某事

19. call sb... 叫/称某人...

20. during the following years 在接下来的几年里

21. take an active part in 积极参加

22. a highly respected lawyer 高度受人尊重的律师

23. break out 爆发

24. get rid of 消除, 解除, 革除

25. set sb. free 释放某人

26. less than/more than 少于/多于

27. study by oneself 自学

28. break up the country 分裂这个国家

29. consider sth. sth. 把某物看成某物

30. at that time 在那时

31. according to 根据

32. order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

33. …meters high/long/wide 多少米高/长/宽

34. continue to do 继续做某事

35. working people 劳动人民

二.重要句型

1. I really hope I can visit some of these places.

我真的希望某一天我能参观这些地方中的一部分。

2. I think we have learned a lot from the famous people around the world.

我认为我们从世界著名人物身上学到了很多。

3. Not only did she discover radium but also she won the Nobel Prize twice in her lifetime. 她不仅发现了镭,而且在她的一生中两度获得诺贝尔奖。

4. I admire Thomas Edison both for his exploring spirit and for his great inventions.

我钦佩托马斯·爱迪生他的探索精神和伟大的发明(创造)

5. During the following years, he took a more active part in politics.

在接下来的几年里,他更积极的参加政治(活动)

6. Studies show that it took 100 000 people over 20 years to complete it.

研究表明,建成它(金字塔)要花10万人20多年的时间。

7. The biggest stone weighs as much as 15 tons. 最大的石头重达15吨。

三.语法:连词

1. either..or… neither…nor… not only…but also…连主语,谓语动词使用就近原则。

Eg: Either you or he is right. 要么你对,要么他对。

Neither he nor his parents have been to Beijing. 他和他的父母都没去过北京。

Not only Jane but also her friends like Chinese food. 不仅简而且她的朋友都喜欢中国的美食。

2. both…and…连主语,谓语动词用复数

Eg: Both he and his uncle like Beijing Opera. 他和他的舅舅都喜欢京剧。

一. 重点词组

1. learn to do sth 学习去做某事

2. play Chinese chess 下中国象棋

3. in ones spare time 在某人空闲时间

4. prefer doing sth 更喜欢做某事

5. would rather do/ sth than do/ sth 比起..更愿意做...

6. a story with a sad ending 有着悲伤结尾的故事

7. make us laugh 使我们发笑

8. in a tired voice 以疲劳的嗓音

9. in surprise 惊讶地

10. science fiction movies 科幻

11. be interested in 对...感兴趣

12. be shown 上映

13. be based on 以...为基础

14. with the help of 在...的帮助下

15. put on 穿上,上演

16. a group of 一队,一群

17. get lost 迷路

18. start a different kind of friendship 开始一种非比寻常的友谊

19. three pieces of news 三条新闻

20. take up 占据 从事(职业)

21. have a huge influence on 对...有巨大的影响

22. as is known to all 众所周知

24. instead of doing 代替做某事

25. do outdoor activities 做户外活动

26. in general 一般来说

27. after all 毕竟

二.重点句子

1. It is hard for me to learn to play Chinese chess.对我来说学习下中国象棋是困难的。

2. In my spare time, I prefer watching TV.在我空闲时候,我更喜欢看电视

3. ---I would rather watch sports shows than those ones. --- So would I

比起那些节目我更愿意看体育节目。 我也是

would rather do= prefer to do

当than前后的动词一致时,为避免重复,后者可省略。

当would rather 表示比较时, 为了避免重复,有事会省略比较的对象。

In fact, many people living in the city would rather live in the country。事实上,许多住在城里的人更愿意生活在乡下。

4. You look a little tired today. Are you all right? 今天你看来有点疲劳。你还好吗?

5. I am very interested in them. 我对它们很感兴趣

6. Could you teach me how to play it? 你能教我怎样下棋吗?

7. Many people spend most of their spare time watching it.

很多人花费他们大部分的空余时间看电视

8. As is known to all, television is one of the most important ways of getting information. 众所周知,电视是获得信息最重要的方式之一。

9. Therefore, television is not only a way we learn about the world, but also a good entertainment.

因此,电视不仅是我们了解世界的一种方式,而且是一种好的娱乐

10. Instead of doing outdoor activities, they usually sit in front of the screen for hours enjoying the funny shows and cartoons without a break.

取代去做户外活动,他们通常连续几个小时坐在荧幕前去欣赏有趣的表演和卡通节目

一、重点词组

1. defeat their enemies 打败他们的敌人

2. in order to 为了

3. in fact 实际上

4. in my view 在我看来; 我认为

5. without the help of… 如果没有...的帮助

6. be considered to be… 被认为是...

7. a lot of poetry 很多诗

8. be regarded as…被视为...

9. be known/famous for 因...而著名

10. grow up 长大

11. go for long walks in the mountains 在山里长时间地散步

12. take boat rides 乘船

13. have a strong imagination 想象力很丰富

14. graduate from... 从...毕业

15. each time 每次

16. from an early age 从小

17. be interested in…对...感兴趣

18. be set free 被...释放

19. fight against ...与...作斗争

20. have ones hair cut (让别人)理发

21. all of a sudden 突如其来地,猛然地

22. look at me that way 那样地看着我

23. cut off 切除, 切断

24. without the least hope of owning them 丝毫没有拥有它的希望

25. long for 渴望, 羡慕;憧憬

26. at first 起先

27. have no idea 不知道,不了解

28. put...away 把...收好

29. at present 目前

二、重点句子

1. I think he is the bravest character Ive ever known.

我认为他是我所认识的最勇敢的角色。

2. In fact, it was Sandy and Pigsy who helped the Monkey King win every battle.

实际上, 正是沙和尚和猪八戒帮助了孙悟空赢得每次战役。

3. In my view, neither the Monkey King nor harry Potter would become a hero without the help of their friends. 在我看来, 如果没有朋友的帮助,孙悟空和哈利波特都不会成为英雄。

4. That’s true. One tree can’t make a forest. 确实是这样的。独木不成林。

5. Romeo and Juliet was a famous tragedy written by Shakespeare.

罗密欧与朱丽叶是写的著名的悲剧。

6. In one poem, Wordsworth explained how happy he was each time he saw a rainbow.

在一首诗中, Wordsworth解释他每次看到彩虹是多么地高兴。

7. Isnt it lovely, Jim? 它很好看对吗,Jim?

8. From an early age, Shakespeare was interested in acting in plays.

从小就对在剧中表演很感兴趣。

9. I do understand. 我真的理解。

10. I have no idea what it could be.

我不知道它会是什么。

一、重点词组

1. graduate from 从......毕业

2. a graduation ceremony 毕业典礼

3. get ready for 为......做好准备

4. pass the final examination 通过期末考试

5. give speeches at the ceremony 在典礼上做演讲

6. remember our friendship forever 永远铭记我们的友谊

7. around the corner 很近;即将发生

8. on the back of 在......后面

9. have a class get-together 举行班级聚会

10. exchange the presents with each other 互换礼物

11. make plans for the future 为未来制定计划

12. dozens of 许多

13. from the bottom of my heart 从内心深处

14. wish you success 祝你成功

15. get along well with 和某人相处的好

16. to ones great joy 使某人开心的事

17. Excellent Student Award 优秀学生奖

18. keep on working 继续工作

19. the friendship among the classmates 同学间的友谊

20. express thanks to sb. 向某人表达感谢

21. the fruits of one’s past three years’ hard work 过去三年辛勤工作的劳动成果

22. receive a diploma 取得文凭

23. chat with sb. 跟某人闲谈

24. mark the end of a period 标志着一个阶段的结束

25. come to an end 结束

26. give big hugs to sb. 紧紧的拥抱某人

27. join sb. any minute 随时加入

28. set off 出发

29. get back to sp. 回到某地

30. promise to do sth. 保证做某事

31. have a great future 拥有一个光明的未来

32. look forward to doing 期待做某事

33. take care 保重

34. have a safe flight 一路平安

35. an Address book 通讯录

36. parting wishes 临别赠言

二、重点句子

1. How time flies! 时光飞逝

2. Take it easy.放轻松,慢慢来。

3. Ill say I have learned not only how to study, but how to be a man.

我要说的是我不仅学到了如何学习,而且学会了如何做人。

4. Thinking back on the past three years, I have learned that if I want to succeed, I must study hard.

回想过去的三年,我懂得了如果我想要成功,就必须努力学习。

5. Nothing is impossible if you set your mind to it.

如果我下定决心做事没有什么是不可能的。/世上无难事,只怕有心人。

6. Where there is a will, there is a way.

有志者事竟成。

7. As is known to all, “Everything comes to him who waits.”

众所周知,功夫不负有心人。

8. Im sure it will be more and more valuable as time goes by.

随着时间的推移我相信这将会变得越来越有价值。

9. There is no royal road to learning.

书山有路勤为径。

10. A graduation ceremony is a custom which takes place when students graduate from a school.

毕业典礼是学生们从学校毕业时举行的一种仪式。

11. During the ceremony,It is common for several students to give speeches.

在典礼之中,几个学生做演讲是普遍的。

12. It is also sad because the time when they studied with friends has come to an end.

他们跟朋友们学习的时光已经结束也真是伤心的事。

13. I wish my classmates and teachers health, happiness and good luck.

我祝愿我的同学们和老师们都健康,幸福和好运。

14. Im sad to be here watching you all heading back home.

在这里看着你们都返回家乡我很伤感。

发送“寒假预习”个字

初中英语

本文相关词条概念解析:

重点

基本解释:1.[Stress;Mainpoint;Focalpoint]∶重要的或主要的重点学校2.[Importantpoint]∶指主要的或重要的一个或几个部分在一幅风景画中被用作重点的植物3.[Emphasize]∶着重地;有重点地重点培养。毛泽东《青年团的工作要照顾青年的特点》:“青年团的工作……重点要放在多数,不要只看到少数。姚依林《关于一九八零、一九八一年国民经济计划安排的报告》:“对它(指新型建筑材料)的发展,要给予重点支持。1989年《睢县志·文化·古建筑》:“袁家山(袁可立别业),……今为县图书馆馆址,县重点文物保护单位。

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